Federation Timeline and Bibliography
|1846||29 September Governor FitzRoy of New South Wales in a despatch suggested the need for a 'central intercolonial authority'|
|1847||Earl Grey proposed a central legislative authority|
|1850||Australian Colonies Government Act passed by British Parliament|
|1851||Victoria separated from New South Wales|
|1855||Van Diemen's Land renamed Tasmania|
|1856||Self government achieved|
|1857||Select Committees in New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia held to discuss the possibility of a federal union|
|1859||Queensland separated from New South Wales|
|1863||Intercolonial Conference of Treasurers held in Melbourne to discuss uniform tariffs and customs|
|1867||Union of the Canadian dominions|
|1870||British troops withdrawn|
|1871||Australian Natives Association established|
|1872||Overland telegraph lines completed between Adelaide and Darwin|
|1873||Australian Colonies Duties Act passed by British Parliament|
|1877||Britain was defeated in the first cricket test by a team from Victoria and New South Wales|
|1881||Henry Parkes proposed a Federal Council to consider matters of joint interest to the Australasian Colonies|
|1883||Queensland annexed New Guinea
Proposal to establish Federal Council formalised by Premiers
An Act to Constitute the Federal Council of Australasia passed by British Parliament
|1886||First meeting of Federal Council in Hobart. Representatives from Western Australia, Fiji, Queensland, Tasmania and Victoria attended. New South Wales refused to join|
|1889||Major-General Sir J. Bevan Edwards reported on the defence of the Australian Colonies
24 October Sir Henry Parkes made a speech at Tenterfield calling for 'a great national government for all Australia'
|1890||Melbourne conference held to discuss the National Convention|
|1891||The First National Australasian Convention held in Sydney|
|1895||Premiers Conference in Hobart agreed to a second Constitutional Convention with elected delegates from each colony|
|1896||27 April Death of Sir Henry Parkes
November People's Federal Convention held in Bathurst
|1897||22 March-23 April First Session 2–24 September, Second Session of The Second National Australasian Convention held|
|1898||20 January-17 March Third Session of The Second National Australasian Convention adopted a draft constitution
3 June New South Wales referendum failed to reach statutory minimum
|1899||24-27 January Last meeting of the Federal Council of Australasia held
29 January-2 February 'Secret' Premiers meeting in Melbourne agreed to six amendments to the Constitution Bill including that the site of the Capital be in New South Wales, but not within 100 miles of Sydney
April-September New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania & Queensland voted 'Yes' in referenda. Only Western Australia refrained
War in South Africa began (Boer War)
|1900||March Australian delegates went to London to negotiate the enactment of the Constitution
June–July Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act is passed by British Parliament
9 July Queen Victoria gave the Royal Assent to the aforementioned Act
31 July Western Australia joined the Federation after a Yes vote in the referendum
21 September Lord Hopetoun was officially appointed as Governor-General of Australia
|1901||1 January The Commonwealth of Australia is proclaimed and inauguration ceremonies are held at Centennial Park, Sydney with the swearing-in of the Governor-General and interim federal ministry
22 January Death of Queen Victoria
29 March First federal elections held. Edmund Barton confirmed as first Prime Minister
31 March Census held in all States
9 May The first Commonwealth Parliament opened by the Duke of Cornwall and York (later King George V) in Melbourne
December First Commonwealth troops embarked to fight Boers in South Africa
|1902||Vote extended to all women but denied to Aboriginal people by the Commonwealth Franchise Act|
|1903||Commonwealth Naturalization Act passed|
|1904||Court of Conciliation and Arbitration established|
|1907||First federal basic wage handed down by Court of Conciliation and Arbitration|
|1908||Commonwealth Invalid and Old Age Pensions Act passed
National capital site selected in the Yass–Canberra District
|1909||New South Wales surrendered territory for the seat of the Commonwealth Government|
|1910||Australian Notes Actwas passed which gave the Commonwealth Government power to issue bank notes|
|1911||Responsibility for the Northern Territory transferred from South Australia to the Commonwealth Government|
|1912||Commonwealth Bank established
Walter Burley Griffin won the international competition to design the federal capital
|1913||Commonwealth Government issued its first stamps
Federal capital named Canberra
Norfolk Island transferred to the Commonwealth from New South Wales control
|1914||Australia entered World War I|
|1915||25 April ANZACS landed at Dardanelles and fought at Gallipoli
Responsibility for lighthouses transferred to Commonwealth Government
|1916||First Anzac Day commemorated|
|1918||World War I ended
Australia House (London) opened by King George V
William Hughes, Australian Prime Minister attended the Versailles Peace Conference
|1921||Edith Cowan (Western Australia) first woman elected to an Australian Parliament|
|1922||British Empire Settlement Act passed by Commonwealth Government to encourage British immigrants and to settle rural lands came into force. Agreements were made between the British, Commonwealth and State Governments|
|1924||Federal Cabinet met in Canberra for the first time
Compulsory voting in Federal elections introduced
|1927||9 May The Duke of York (later King George VI) opened Parliament in Canberra|
|1951||Commonwealth Jubilee (50th anniversary)|
|2001||Centenary of Federation|
Australian Archives, Federation: The Guide to the Records, Australian Archives, Canberra, 1998.
Australian Dictionary of Biography, Melbourne University Press, Carlton, 1979.
The Australian Encyclopaedia, 4th ed., Vol. 4, The Grolier Society of Australia, Sydney, 1983.
Centenary of Federation. Web site (online), URL: www.centenary.gov.au (cited May 2001).
Clark, C.M.H. A History of Australia, Vol. V, Melbourne University Press, Burwood, Vic., 1987.
Documenting a democracy. Web site (on-line), URL: www.foundingdocs.gov.au (cited May 2001).
Irving, Helen, ed., The Centenary Companion to Australian Federation, University of Cambridge Press, Cambridge, 1999.
Macquarie Book of Events, Macquarie Library, McMahons Point, NSW, 1983.
New South Wales Parliament, Votes and Proceedings, 1891 Vol. 1, NSW, 1891.
1901 Centre, UTS. Web site (online), URL: http://www.1901centre.uts.edu.au (cited May 2001).
Pegrum, Roger. The Bush Capital: How Australia chose Canberra as its federal city, Hale and Iremonger, Sydney, 1983.
Quick, John and Garran, Robert Randolph. The Annotated Constitution of the Australian Commonwealth. Angus and Robertson, Sydney, 1901.
Reserve Bank of Australia. Web site (online), URL: www.rba.gov.au (cited April 2001).
Wilcox, Craig. The Boer War: Australians and the War in South Africa, 1899–1902, National Archives of Australia, Canberra, 1999.
State Records Authority of New South Wales
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