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Where to find convict records

An easy to use table to see which government departments created and kept records pertaining to convicts.
Records Creating or responsible agency
Arrival - Convict indents Colonial Secretary*, Principal Superintendent of Convicts
Arrival - Musters and other papers Colonial Secretary
Parole - Tickets of leave, Tickets of leave passports Colonial Secretary, from 1827 Principal Superintendent of Convicts, from 1856 Police, Convict Branch
Freedom - Certificates of Freedom Colonial Secretary, from 1827 Principal Superintendent of Convicts, from 1856 Police, Convict Branch
Freedom - Pardons Colonial Secretary.  Some information may also be found in the records of the Governor and Executive Council
Correspondence - Assignment

Colonial Secretary.  The main correspondence series of the Principal Superintendent of Convicts has not survived.  Also see Convict Classifcation Board 1849-67. 

Correspondence - Mitigation of sentence Colonial Secretary 
Correspondence - Applications to bring families to NSW Colonial Secretary
Correspondence - Applications from Clergy for marriages of convicts Colonial Secretary
Correspondence - Other indulgences Colonial Secretary
Correspondence - Land grants Colonial Secretary 
Assignment (few records have survived) Colonial Secretary, Principal Superintendent of Convicts, Surveyor General 
Tickets of exemption from Government labor Principal Supintendent of Convicts 
Population Musters and Census Colonial Secretary 
Convict permission to Marry Colonial Secretary then Principal Superintendent of Convicts 
Applications to have wives and families brought out to NSW Colonial Secretary 
 Medical records Colonial Secretary, from 1848 Government Medical Adviser, Health 
Colonial Crime and punishment - Reports of crime  Few early Police records have survived 
Colonial Crime and punishment -Trial  Benches of Magistrates/Courts of Petty Sessions, Quarter Sessions, Supreme Court (depending on severity), Clerk of the Peace (depositions), Colonial Secretary 
Colonial Crime and punishment -Floggings  Benches of Magistrates/Courts of Petty Sessions 
Colonial Crime and punishment - Sentence carried out Sheriff 
Colonial Crime and punishment - Gaol records Prisons/Corrective Services 
Colonial Crime and punishment -Executions Sheriff, Prisons/Corrective Services 
Colonial Crime and punishment - Secondary transport Colonial Secretary, Sheriff
Penal Establishments Colonial Secretary 
Convict Death Register From 1828 Principal Superintendent of Convicts, from 1856 Police, Convict Branch 
Departure of former convicts as free people  Few records have survived. For the years 1816-mid 1820s see Colonial Secretary

 

*The Office of the Colonial Secretary began as the Private Secretary to the Governor.  In 1824 the two offices were separated as the work of administration of the Colony continued to grow.