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Map of New Zealand
This map of New Zealand probably dates from the 1880s. There are outgoing lines from Auckland and Wellington to Sydnay and Melbourne including the distance to travel in miles. SR Map 3528
Colonial Secretary "Boyd"
The first page of a three page account of the rescue of the survivors of the "Boyd", given on board the "City of Edinburgh" in the Bay of Plenty on 6 January 1810. This first page begins with a warning for "All matters of ships frequenting New Zealand are directed to be careful in not admitting many natives on board as they may be cut off in a moment of surprise." The account lays out the finding of "the miserable remains of the ship Boyd" and the Crew who were mostly "killed and eaten". With Matengaro's "handsome conduct" four survivors were rescued. NRS 897 [2/8130 p1]
Colonial Secretary "Boyd" continued
The second page of the account continues with a description of how the crew were overpowered and killed. The account then explains that "The Natives of the Spar district of this Harbour have behaved well, even beyond expectation and seem much concerned on account of this unfortunate event and dreading the displeasure of King George have requested certificates of their good conduct". The third page appears more official in nature and concerns the Bills of Laoding for the "Boyd" on its voyage to London, as laid out by Cookes and Jackson, the Shipping Agents. NRS 897 [2/8130]
"Boyd" close up
This is a close up of the bottom of page two of the account of the rescue of the "Boyd". The account was made by Simeon Pattison, Alexander Berry and James Russell in the Bay of Plenty on 6 January 1810 while on board the ship "City of Edinburgh". A note is also made that Tarra (a Maori) "behaved very well" and was rewarded with a small vessel. NRS 897 [2/8130 p2]
Letter to CMS about Busby's arrival in NZ
First page of a two-page letter from the Colonel Secretary's Office in Sydney to the Church Missionaries (CMS) in the Bay of Islands, dated 12 April 1833. This is a letter of introduction for James Busby who is about to take up his post as British Resident. The Colonial Secretary hopes that the CMS will "give him [Busby] every assistance and personal accomodation that his novel situation in that Country may require." NRS 939 [4/3523 p197]
Stolen vessel
A one page letter from the Colonel Secretary in Sydney to James Busby, dated 30 August 1833. This letter outlines what may have been a typical problem that Busby dealt with as British Resident. It appears that a Maori Chief, Pomare, stole a shipping vessel from the owners, Mr Mair and Mr Powditch. Busby, with the assistance of Reverend Williams, had already attempted to return the vessel to Mair and Powditch but failed. Busby was given permission to use any "Ship of War" that may visit the Bay of Islands to regain the vessel. NRS 939 [4/3523 p251]
Missing convicts
This is a one page letter from the Colonial Secretary to James Busby dated 12 April 1833. It appears that four convicts, William Liddle or Siddle, James Hawkins, Daniel Downey and George Nelson, escaped New South Wales on board the "Caroline" with the help of the captain of the vessel in June 1833. The men had turned up working and living in Cloudy Bay in the Marlborough Sounds. NRS 939 [4/3523 p346]
Land title
One page letter from the Government of New Zealand to James Busby, dated 18 November 1840. Busby appears to have put in a claim against some land confiscated from a chief named "Reti" after Busby was robbed by the Chief. Unfortunately for Busby, his claim to the land seems to have been dismissed: "he [Sir George Gipps] cannot consider you to have any private claim to the land in question, but that under the circumstances alluded to, it must be deemed to have been forfeit to the Crown". Busby spent many years in court to protect his title to various blocks of land in the North Island. NRS 986 [4/3819 p12]
Instructions for vessels from Macquarie
This is page one of a three page Government and Regimental Order dated 9 November 1814 and signed by Governor Lachlan Macquarie. The Order sets out "that the Commanders and Seamen of vessels launching at or trading with the Islands of New Zealand, and more especially that part of them commonly called 'The Bay of Islands' have been in the habit of offering gross Insult and Injury to the Natives of these Places". The Order warns against the carrying off of any Maori without first obtaining the permission of the local Chiefs. Macquarie then states that the Order aims to "protect the Natives of New Zealand and the Bay of Islands in all their just Rights and Privileges as those of every other Dependency of the Territory of New South Wales". NRS 897 [4/1730 p327]
Instructions for vessels part 2
This is page two and three of the Order with instructions for all vessels visiting NZ. The second page again reiterates that the local "Natives" (Maori) are not to be carried off "without first obtaining the permission of the Chief or Chiefs of the District". Vessels were also not to land or discharge any sailors without permission. Any breaches of these conditions were to be prosecuted with "utmost vigour of the Law" in NSW or Britain. The third page notes that the Maori Chiefs Dewaterra, Shungee and Kora Kora were "invested with Power and authority" and were to "receive due obedience from all Persons". NRS 897 [4/1730 pp328-9]
Travel arrangements for Whikakadda
This letter to Captain RJ Walker is dated 11 November 1816. It is confirming arrangments that Walker would take Whikakadda on his vessel, the 'King George', from NZ to Port Jackson. It turns out that "Mr Marsden will take him [Whikakadda] under his protection and send him back". This letter again reaffirms the close links that Rev Marsden maintained with NZ for many years. NRS 897[4/1736 p167]
Samuel Marsden request
This is a reply to Rev Samuel Marsden dated 24 July 1821. It appears Marsden was attempting to arrange the return to New Zealand of four NZ Chiefs. It contains explicit instructions that the Chiefs were to travel on the store ship the "Coromandel" and be dropped "within six miles of their homes". NRS [4/3504 p166]
Maori woman arrives in Sydney
In this letter date 24 April 1824 John Davison, the Master of the schooner the 'Samuel' had picked up a Maori woman and child "on the South end of New Zeland" and brought them back to Sydney. The woman and child were to be fed by the Crown until they could return home. NRS 897 [4/3510 p669]
Treaty signing voyage south
This is page one of a two page statement of expenses for Major Bunbury included with a letter from 1842. Major Thomas Bunbury was tasked with collecting signatures for the Treaty of Waitangi from the South Island Maori. According to this statement Bunbury travelled on board the 'HMS Herald' from 27 April to 10 May 1840. He was ccompanied by Mr EM Williams, who acted as an interpreter and Mr Stewart, who was Bunbury's personal secretary. NRS 905 [letter 42/1888 in 4/2581.4]
Bunbury's expenses
This is page two of a statement outlining the expenses for Major Bunbury as he sailed around the South Island to collect signatures for the Treaty of Waitangi. The New South Wales Treasury paid 147 pounds for the voyage, an overpayment of 36 pounds. NRS 905 [letter 42/1888 in 4/2581.4]
List of personnel
This list, from the Colonial Architects Office, is dated 20 January 1840. It provides details of applicants for a variety of jobs in NZ, including blacksmiths, carpenters, stonemasons, brickmakers, quarrymen and labourers. This letted dates the same week Captain Hobson was in Sydney en route to NZ. NRS 905 [letter 40/703 in 4/2501]
List of utensils
This is the first page of an eight page list that provides a snapshot of the types of every day implements that were needed to establish a colony from scratch. The list includes things like portable camp tables, plates, saucepans, kettles, water buckets, candles, cotton sacks, matches and tinder boxes. The list again dates from the week when Captain Hobson visited Sydney in January 1840. NRS 905 [Document A in 4/2501 page 1 of 8]
Estimate of establishing colonial government
This is page one of a four page estimate of the costs of establishing the colonial government in NZ. The estimate includes the following offices: Governor General, Colonial Secretary, Treasury and Customs, Protector of Aborigines, Colonial Surgeon, Police, Public Works, Harbour Master and Colonial Stores. The total cost estimate was 7582 pounds. NRS 905 [letter 40/9012 in 4/2501] p1 of 4
Sent to NSW for trial
This letter, from Lt Gov Hobson to George Gipps, is dated 17 March 1841 and advises of a group of prisoners being sent on board the 'Regia' to NSW for trial, as one assumes, the court system was yet to be established in NZ. Five suspected convicts, Bernard Smith, Michael Flynn, Thomas Jones, William White and Kenny Racalle? (name hard to read) were being returned. Three men, Robert Carmichael, George Harris and William Batten, were being sent to NSW for trial. The party was accompanied by Corporal Howard and Private Robinson of the 80th Regiment and Constable Hore of the Police. NRS 905 [letter 42/28 in 4/2540]
Assistant surveyor sent to NZ
This is the first page of a two page letter dated 11 May 1842 from Mr Symonds to the Governor of NSW. It is a personal and touching glimpse of just one human story. Mr Symonds states "My reason for wishing to proceed to New Zealand, as your Excellency is aware, was to be near the only relation I had in this hemisphere. The Public Journals have acquainted you with his untimely fate, bereft of him, all interest I took in this place is gone, while every object reminds me, of the irreparable loss I have sustained." NRS 905 [42/5 in 4/2581.4]
Assistant surveyor page 2
This is the second page of a two page letter sent in 1842 in which Mr Symonds, an Assistant Surveyor in NZ, expresses his wish to return to NSW after the death of his only relative 'down under'. It is unclear whether Symonds was successful in this wish as no mention of him could be located in the Public Service Lists for NSW. NRS 905 [42/5 in 4/2581.4]
Convict Ticket of Leave, 1831
This Ticket of Leave, issued to William Spikeman in 1831, is a replacement for an earlier ticket (27/33). Under General Remarks at the bottom of the Ticket it states the "original was granted on the special recommendation of the Church Missionary Society and this indulgence is only to be continued while Spikeman remains at the Station" in New Zealand. Spikeman appears to have been a herdsman for the CMS, probably at the Station at Rangihoua in the Bay of Islands. NRS 12202 [4/4080 #31/700]
Convict Ticket of Exemption, 1832
Several Tickets of Exemption from Government Labour were issued to Abraham Leach in the period 1829-32. This Ticket was issued in 1832 and is in lieu of Ticket 31/86 which has been cancelled (see top of ticket). The note written vertically across the Ticket states that this Ticket was torn up upon Leach receiving his Ticket of Leave (33/654) on 10 September 1833. NRS 12196 [4/4285 #32/75] Leach
Convict Ticket of Exemption close up
This close up of the bottom of Abraham Leach's Ticket of Exemption from Government Labour shows the link to New Zealand. While the Ticket was issued for Leach in the District of Sydney, it was granted "for good conduct and faithful services rendered by him [Leach] in collecting plants and seeds at New Zealand, while attached to 'HMS Satellite', for the Botanical Gardens". It may well be that Leach accompanied the future Colonial Botanist, Allan Cunningham, on one of his trips to NZ. NRS 12196 [4/4285 #32/75]
Map of Current Basin
SR Map 169 Current Basin in the Cooks Strait, as surveyed on the French voyage of Dumont d'Urville in 1827.
North Island of New Zealand
A Chart of the North Island of New Zealand, no date. SR Map 170.
Hokianga River
Map of the entrance to the Hookianga [Hokianga] River in the North Island of New Zealand, 1839. SR Map 172
Town of Auckland
An early plan of the layout of the town of Auckland, situated on the banks of the Waitemata River, in the North Island of New Zealand. SR Map 177, no date.
Port Hardy
Map showing Port Hardy in the Cook Strait from 1834. In the bottom left hand corner there is a close up of the Port Hardy including a note about Nelson's Monument. SR Map 178.
Mt Pleasant
Map of the Mt Pleasant Meridional Circuit and Survey Districts, which includes Christchurch and part of the Canterbury plains in the South Island of New Zealand. SR Map 3518, no date.
Fraser Insolvency file note
Thomas and Alexander Fraser were declared insolvent in 1844 and although both brothers were trading as whalers in New Zealand, Alexander seems to have been living in Sydney while the insolvency case was settled. This file note states "The Insolvent [Alexander] along with his brother having been carrying on business as whalers in New Zealand for the last three years they have been very unsuccessful having had several losses amounting to upwards of 4000 pounds which appears by their books. Also the loss of a vessel called the 'John Duncombe' and being threatened with law proceedings by Mr Thomas Shearer in order to save the estate from any unnecessary law expenses are desirous of surrendering the same into the Hands of the Chief Commissioners of Insolvent Estates." NRS 13654 [2/8784 #1310]
Fraser Insolvency Schedule
Schedule B provides the particulars of the land the two brothers owned: "An island in Cook's Straits in New Zealand called 'Mana' for which the sum of two hundred pounds was paid being twenty percent of the sum of one thousand pounds, the amount of purchase money. The Chiefs would not acknowledge the right of the vendor to sell the same consequently the Commissioners of Claims in New Zealand would not sanction the purchase." NRS 13654 [2/8784 #1310]
Fraser Statement, p1
Alexander Fraser gave this six page statement to the Supreme Court in September 1844 at his insolvency case hearing. It provides a timeline of his time in NSW and NZ. Alexander states: "I came here [NSW] in 1832 and my brother and myself had 150 dozen of scotch ale then we were worth about 100 pounds together. We came out to serve Edward John Tooth as coopers for fine ?. I remained 22 months with Tooth and then I commenced keeping a public house ..." Alexander's story is continued on the next page. NRS 13654 [2/8784 #1310]
Fraser Statement, p.2
This is page two of a six page statement by Alexander Fraser. Alexander kept a number of public houses until in 1840 when he sold his public house in Bridge St Sydney and went to NZ to join his brother who had already been there for nearly two years. NRS 13654 [2/8784 #1310]
Government Gazette notice, 1844
This notice, published in the NSW Government Gazette, provides details of the sale of what remains of the assets of Alexander and Thomas Fraser. It seems the Frasers continued to run stock on Mana Island for many years and expanded the sheep farm to Taita in the Hutt Valley and eventually Otago in 1853. NSW Government Gazette, December 3 1844, Vol 2, p.1469
Donald McLean letter from Taranaki, 1860
This copy of a letter, dated 17 March 1860, is to Governor Gore Brown from Donald McLean, the Native Secretary. McLean was involved in the disputed "Waitara Purchase" that led directly to the the First Taranaki War. On the first page of three, McLean states "that the present military force is not sufficient for the protection of this place [Taranaki]" as the Taranaki tribes and Ngati Ruanui can muster 1200 warriors. He also believes that William King and his followers "would fight to the last at the Waitara". NRS 4523 [4/1629 page 1]
17 March 1860 p2
This is page two and three of a three page letter written by Donald McLean on 17 March 1860. McLean speculates about the strength of King Potatau [Te Wherowhero] and the Waikato tribes being several thousand strong. Near the end of page two McLean reiterates "the necessity of obtaining a stronger force without delay for the protection of the English settlements". He speculates that this defence "would require a force of not less than 5000 men to defend the various isolated and scattered settlements of the Northern Island. NRS 4523 [4/1629 pp2-3]
Colonel Gold's plea for reinforcements, 1860
This is a one page letter to the Governor of NSW from Colonel Charles Emilius Gold, written on 20 March 1860 at Waitara. In the wake of the beginnings of the First Taranaki War Gold is applying to the Governors of NSW, Victoria and Tasmania "for as large a reinforcement in ships, particularly steamers, artillery engineers and Troops of the line as they can spare". He believes that "the very appearance of whom, promptly, would probably induce the Maori people to wish for the return of peace". NRS 4523 [4/1629]
Rifles required in Taranaki, 1860
Another letter to the Governor of NSW pleading for help, this time rifles. This three page letter, dated 4 April 1860 is from George Cutfield, the Superintendent of the Province of Taranaki. Cutfield reports that "In a sharp skirmish which occurred last week and in which the irregular force had a large share, it became evident that the natives among the arms accumulated during the many years have possessed themselves of many rifles of good range". In comparison, the local militia were using old muskets. NRS 4523 [4/1629 letter 60/1693 p1]
Plea for rifles, 1860
The last two pages of this letter are an entreaty from George Cutfield to the Governor of NSW for rifles, in particular Enfield rifles. Cutfield pledges that the Provisional Government would return or replace the rifles. This letter shows the desparate feeling among the English settlers in Taranaki at the time. Cutfield underlines this feeling when he says on page three "I therefore trust this occasion will be held to justify an application which it would in ordinary circumstances be an unpardonable impertinance for me to make". Unfortunately for Cutfield though, NSW was also waiting for Enfield rifles to arrive from England and had no spare rifles to send to New Zealand. NRS 4523 [4/1629] letter 60/1693 pp2-3
Camp Waitara, 23 June 1860
This is a copy of a three page letter from Major Thomas Nelson at Camp Waitara, dated 23 June 1860, three days before the British troops suffered a heavy defeat at Puketakauere. Nelson sent Lt Mould on a reconnoitre after a fire was seen buring in the the swamp south east of the British troops encamped at Waitara, near the twin pa sites of Puketakauere and Onukukaitara. NRS 4523 [4/1629]
Camp Waitara, pp2-3
Lt Mould started to return to Camp Waitara having ascertained that a group of Maori were cutting wood and gathering supplies in the swamp to support the warriors in the new pa, Puketakauere. The troops wre fired upon from the old pa site "as well as along the top of the ridge in the direction of the Pah from which the Natives were seen to come out to the number of about 150, extending as they descended". Skirmishes such as this one were probably common in the lead upto to the frontal attack on the twin pa site on 27 June 1860. An 11 page copy of the report on the assault by Nelson is also enclosed with this letter (but not copied). NRS 4523 [4/1629]
"Seven Colonies" cover
"Statistics of the Seven Colonies of Australia" was a publication by the NSW Bureau of Statistics. It was published between 1895 and 1901 but the information contained in the booklets spans from 1861 to 1899. It includes the six colonies of Australia with NZ tagged on as the 'seventh'. NRS 698 [6/5601]
"Seven Colonies" booklet, pp10-11
These two page of the booklet provide statistics on Government Railways, Miles of Telegraph poles, Public Revenue, the number of letters and postcards posted and the number of newspapers published. NRS 698 [6/5601]
National Australasian Convention, 1891
This excerpt from the NSW Votes and Proceedings shows the Roll of Delegates for the start of the Convention at Parliament House in Sydney in March 1891. The Convention went on to write the draft constitution for the Commonwealth. NSW Votes & Proceedings, 1891, Vol 1, p133.
Roll of delegates for NSW & NZ
NZ was represented by Sir George Grey, the former Premier of NZ, Captain William Russell, Leader of the Opposition and Sir Harry Atkinson, former Premier of NZ, at the National Australasian Conference. NSW Votes & Proceedings 1891, vol 1, p133.
Cable of congratulations
This telegram cable from the Premier of NZ, RJ Seddon, to the Premier of NSW dates from 12 July 1900. It offers the "Commonwealth every prosperity". NRS 14194 [10/4154.1]
Kiwi sign
A sign for Kiwi boot polish at Wynyard Railway Station, no date. Photo Investigator digital id 17420_a014_a014000662
NZ Insurance advertisement
Advertisement for NZ Insurance. From Railway Tourist Guides: Tourists Handbook of Australia, 1905. NRS 16407/1/1[13], p.137.
NZ Insurance advertisement close-up
NRS 16407/1/1/[13], p.137