Endeavour House was a maximum security detention centre for young male offenders (1) aged between 15 and 18 years. (2) Established on 2 February 1948, it was originally called the Home for Boys, Tamworth, and described as "being for those lads who have not responded to the conditions of an open institution and who require a short period of strict disciplinary training".
While at Endeavour House the inmates participated in educational, recreational and vocational activities where discussion groups played a major part. There was also an emphasis on self discipline. (5)
The South Australian Royal Commission into the Administration of the Juvenile Courts Act assessed Endeavour House "as a successful experiment in resident/staff relationships, and gave the appearance of openness and normality, despite the very high brick wall." (6)
Endeavour House ceased being a detention centre on 1 June 1990. (7)
1. State Records Accession A5783.
2. Annual Report for the Department of Child Welfare for the year ended 1952.
3. Annual Report for the Department of Child Welfare for the year ended 1948, p.417
4. State Records Accession A5783.
5. Annual Report for the Department of Youth and Community Services for the year 1977, pp.7-8.
6. Ibid, year ended 1978, p.42.
7. Concise Guide to the New South Wales State Archives (1990 Vol.2, Part 2 p.4583).