The Paralympic Games is governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC). The IPC awarded Sydney Paralympic Organising Committee (SPOC) the 2000 games soon after the City of Sydney won the 2000 Olympic Games in September 1993.
The Sydney Paralympic Organising Committee was established at the same time as the Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games (SOCOG, Agency 558) on 12 November 1993 by the Office of Olympic Co-ordination.(1) The Sydney Paralympic Organising Committee was established under the Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games Act 1993, (Act No.67, 1993).(2) In January 1995, SPOC became a Government-controlled public company limited by guarantee, incorporated under the Corporations Law and receiving financial support from both the State and Commonwealth Governments.(3)
Administration was conducted by a Board of Directors, responsible to the Members of the Company, including the Premier, Minister for the Olympics, the Treasurer and the Minister for Sport and Recreation.(4)
Sydney Paralympic Organising Committee was responsible for planning and staging the XI Paralympic Games held in Sydney between the 18th and 29th October 2000. The functions of SPOC included:
providing information on events and categories according to disabilities;
converting Olympic venues to Paralympic mode;
conducting the events;
facilitating drug testing requirements;
arranging for broadcasting;
housing the athletes;
arranging medal ceremonies;
transporting athletes; and
conducting the Paralympic torch relay.(5)
The Sydney Paralympic Organising Committee also regulated the use of Paralympic Games indicia and images. The Sydney 2000 Games (Indicia and Images) Protection Act 1996 (the "Act") is a Commonwealth Act which came into effect on 28 June 1996. The Act provided that SOCOG and SPOC have the power to use and to licence others to use various "indicia and/or images" for commercial purposes. Any unlicensed commercial use of the protected indicia and images was prohibited and SOCOG and SPOC were entitled to seek damages, an injunction to restrain the unlicensed user from using the indicia or images, or obtain a court order requiring the unauthorised user to broadcast or publish corrective advertisements.(6)
In June 1997, a committee known as the Joint Working Group was established, linking the Boards of the Sydney Paralympic Organising Committee and the Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games.(7)
The Sydney 2000 Games Administration Act 2000 was passed on 29 November 2000.(8) The legislation dissolved the Sydney Paralympic Organising Committee from 1 January 2001, when its assets and liabilities were transferred to the Olympic Coordination Authority.(9)
1. New South Wales Government Gazette, 12 November 1993, p6716.
2. New South Wales Government Gazette, 19 November 1993, p6823.
3. Official Site of the Sydney 2000 Paralympic Games http://www.Olympics.com
4. City of Sydney website http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au
5. loc. cit.
6. Official Site of the Sydney 2000 Paralympic Games, op.cit.
7. SOCOG Annual Report for the periods 1 July 1999 to 31 December 2000 and 1 January 2001 to 31 October 2001, p 7.
8. Auditor-General’s Report to Parliament 2001, Volume Seven, p704.
9. Sydney 2000 Games Administration Act 2000 Section 9.