Between 1788 and 1842 about 80,000 convicts were transported to New South Wales. Of these, approximately 85% were men and 15% were women. Almost two thirds of convicts were English (along with a small number of Scottish and Welsh), with the Irish making up the remaining one third. Convicts were usually given sentences of transportation for seven, 14 years or life. Some convicts in the 1830s received ten-year sentences. About one quarter of the convicts were sentenced to 'the term of their natural lives', and a proportion of these had reprieves from the death sentence.
- Record series in the index: NRS 12202, NRS 12223, NRS 12192 (indexed by staff), Surgeon Superintendent's Journals (PRO Reels 3187, 3197, 3205, 3208), Returns of Exiles employed at Darling Downs 1850-52 (Mitchell Library, A1764; CY789)
- Entries in the index: 3,000+
A note about the index
Convict Exiles transported on the following ships are included in this index: Adelaide, Anna Maria, Bangalore, Eden, Hashemy, Havering, Joseph Somes, Mt Stewart Elphinstone, Maitland, Marion, Thomas Arbuthnot and Randolph.
The Index includes the individual's name, ship and year of arrival, date, place of trial, and sentence is included if known. The remarks column may sometimes include information on offence, employment, marriage, death, or record certificate of freedom or pardon numbers.
State Records wishes to acknowledge the contribution of Mrs Joan Reese in compiling the index