Between 1788 and 1842 about 80,000 convicts were transported to New South Wales. Of these, approximately 85% were men and 15% were women. Almost two thirds of convicts were English (along with a small number of Scottish and Welsh), with the Irish making up the remaining one third. Convicts were usually given sentences of transportation for seven, 14 years or life. Some convicts in the 1830s received ten-year sentences. About one quarter of the convicts were sentenced to 'the term of their natural lives', and a proportion of these had reprieves from the death sentence.
- Record series in the index: NRS 12212
- Entries in the index: currently c.4000
This index was compiled by Clifford McNeil and Fay McKenzie-Edmonds [4/4508], Elizabeth Roberts [4/4510] (who also retain the copyright), and State Records Volunteers. State Records wishes to acknowledge their combined contribution to this index.
The earliest references to applications by convicts wishing to marry are contained in the Colonial Secretary’s Papers, 1788-1825.
The 1826-1841 clergy returns of the ‘lists of persons applying for the publication of banns’ have been indexed. The Index to NSW Marriage Banns, which was compiled by the late Joan Reese and Norma Tuck, is available on microfiche in the reading room. The clergy returns have been microfilmed and the reels are also available in the reading room.