During the 1790s plans to establish an orphan asylum in Sydney gathered pace as the number of neglected and destitute children increased. The first Female Orphan School, championed by Governor Philip King and Reverend Samuel Marsden, opened in 1801. Initially boys were apprenticed out rather...

A brief history of the Randwick Asylum for Destitute Children. A list of the main records series can be found in theĀ Child Care and Protection Guide.