#OnThisDay 18 September 1797 coal was officially found in the Newcastle region by Lieutenant John Shortland. He had been travelling the area around present day Newcastle, whose traditional custodians are the Awabakal and Worimi peoples, in search of run-away convicts when he found the coal.
By 1801 a convict camp was established to mine for coal. A new settlement on Coal River (Hunter River) started in 1804 and eventually became Newcastle. Military rule in Newcastle ended in 1823.
- See entry in Colonial Secretary's Papers under Newcastle
- See entry in Colonial Secretary's Papers under Coal and Coalmining
- City of Newcastle website
- The many names of Newcastle - Mulubinba [Hunter Living Histories website]