#OnThisDay 31 July 1902 an explosion at the Mount Kembla Colliery killed 95 people. A Royal Commission of Inquiry was appointed by Letters Patent in November 1902. It visited Mount Kembla to view the mine and take evidence from December to early 1903. The Commission concluded that the disaster was caused by an explosion of fire-damp and air, which in turn started a series of explosions of coal dust. The disaster was the worst peace-time disaster in Australia's history until the 2009 Black Saturday bushfires in Victoria.
- More on the Royal Commission of Inquiry on the Mt Kembla Colliery Disaster (Agency 4924)
- Minutes of evidence and reports relating to the Royal Commission, 1902-1903 (NRS 1470)
Browse Trove for newspaper articles about the disaster