#OnThisDay 8 October 1818 explorer John Oxley reached the NSW coast after following the Hastings River and named the area Port Macquarie. A penal settlement was established in 1821 to replace Newcastle as a site for convicts who re-offended in the Colony. The Port Macquarie region was opened up to free settlers in 1830.
- See entry in Colonial Secretary's Papers under Port Macquarie
- 50th Anniversary Gallery highlight of Oxley's exploration of the Lachlan and Macquarie Rivers